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Types of Water Storage Tanks - Location, Material and Challenges

The options available for water storage tanks are as diverse as the needs they fulfil, and understanding the various types of water storage tanks can help you make an informed choice. 

In this article, we will talk about different types of water storage tanks, categorised based on their location and materials. From the strength of underground tanks to the visible versatility of above-ground tanks, we'll explore the features, advantages, and challenges associated with each type. 

Additionally, we'll discuss how these tanks can align with sustainability goals and make a positive impact on our environment. So, whether you're a homeowner, farmer, or industrialist, this exploration will guide you towards finding the ideal water storage tanks for your specific needs. Let's dive in and discover the world of water storage tanks.


Types of Water Storage Tanks Based on Location

Underground Water Storage Tanks

Underground water storage tanks are large containers or reservoirs that are buried underground to store and manage water for various purposes. These tanks are designed to store water beneath the surface of the Earth, making them a discreet and space-saving solution for water storage. They are commonly used for residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural applications.

Underground water storage tanks are usually the most durable option available. They are built using thick-walled construction materials which make them strong and sturdy. 

Source: https://www.indiamart.com/proddetail/underground-rainwater-storage-tank-22936205188.html

However, these tanks are not suitable for all applications, as they need special installation techniques and professional help when it comes to maintenance work. Installation of underground water storage tanks typically involves excavation, proper foundation preparation, and safety measures to ensure the tank's stability and prevent contamination of the stored water. Regular maintenance and monitoring are essential to ensure the tanks remain functional and safe.

Overhead Water Storage Tanks

Overhead water storage tanks are large containers or reservoirs that are installed above ground, typically on support structures or elevated platforms. Unlike underground water storage tanks, which are buried in the ground, overhead tanks are visible and placed at an elevated position, often on rooftops or towers.

In areas with inconsistent or unreliable water supply, overhead water storage tanks are crucial for ensuring a continuous water source for daily needs. 

The size of the tank is often chosen based on the water demand of the users it serves and the frequency of water supply interruptions. Overall, overhead water storage tanks are a visible and accessible solution for storing and distributing water.  offering the advantage of gravity-driven water flow and ease of maintenance.


Above-Ground Water Storage Tanks

Above-ground water storage tanks are containers or reservoirs designed to hold and store water on the surface rather than being buried underground or elevated on rooftops or towers. These tanks are visible and are placed at ground level or on support structures. They serve various purposes across residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural settings.

Above-ground water storage tanks offer visibility, accessibility, and flexibility. It is a popular choice for a wide range of water storage applications. The choice between above-ground and other types of water storage tanks depends on factors such as available space, aesthetic considerations, and the specific needs of the user or facility.

You’ll be surprised to know that the stainless steel panel tanks offer better insulation than underground tanks and are very easy to maintain. They come along with the internal and outer ladders as well. 

On the other hand, Beltecno manufactures stainless steel panel tanks that are fit for use as overhead tanks and above-ground tanks for industrial water storage purposes. This type of tank offers many benefits, such as low cost, easy installation, mobility, and flexibility. It provides high levels of security, durability, and safety.


Types of Water Storage Tanks Based on Material

1. Concrete Water Storage Tanks

These tanks are known for their durability and longevity. They are often used for storing large volumes of water in industries where water quality and long-term storage are crucial. Concrete tanks can be designed above or below ground and are well-suited for industrial processes that require consistent water supply over extended periods.

2. Stainless Steel Water Storage Tanks 

Steel tanks are preferred when a balance between durability and portability is necessary. These tanks are versatile and can be constructed in various shapes and sizes.

They are commonly used for storing water in industries like petrochemicals, food processing, and manufacturing. The main purpose of this type of water storage tank is to maintain the water quality.

3. Fibreglass Water Storage Tanks: 

Fibreglass-reinforced plastic (FRP) tanks offer excellent corrosion resistance, making them ideal for storing water in industries where the stored water might be chemically aggressive or contain harsh substances. They are lightweight, making transportation and installation more manageable.

4. Polyethylene Water Storage Tanks

Polyethylene tanks are widely used due to their cost-effectiveness and chemical resistance. They are often used for storing water in industries such as agriculture and wastewater treatment. These tanks are easy to install and are available in various sizes.

5. Bolted Steel Water Storage Tanks 

Bolted steel tanks are composed of individual steel panels that are bolted together on-site. They are known for their ease of installation and versatility. These tanks are suitable for industries that require a quick setup and can be expanded in the future.


Finding The Right Balance Between Different Types of Water Storage Tanks and Its Challenges

Choosing the right type of industrial water storage tank involves navigating tradeoffs and addressing challenges. One of the main trade offs is between cost and durability. While materials like concrete and steel offer exceptional longevity, they can also be more expensive upfront.

On the other hand, options like polyethylene tanks might have a lower initial cost but could require more frequent maintenance or replacement.

Another challenge is between flexibility and customization. Water storage tanks like bolted steel tanks offer the advantage of being expandable, allowing for increased capacity if needed in the future. However, this flexibility might come at the expense of some specific requirements that more specialised tanks can meet.

There is another type of water storage tank which can be customised as per your requirements. Beltecno India provides customised stainless steel panel tanks as per your industrial requirements. 

Share your requirements here and get a customised water storage solution for your industry. 

Considering Sustainable Options for Different Types of Water Storage Tanks

The impact of industrial water storage tanks on the environment is a critical consideration. Concrete production, for example, can contribute to carbon emissions, and the maintenance of steel tanks may involve coatings that have environmental implications. Fibreglass and polyethylene tanks, with their corrosion resistance and potential for a longer lifespan, can mitigate the need for frequent replacements, reducing the overall environmental footprint.

Take Informed Decisions for Choosing from Different Types of Water Storage Tanks

Industrial Water Storage Tanks are essential components for various industries requiring a steady supply of water. The choice of tank type involves a careful balance of factors such as water quality, tank size, location, budget, and installation time. Different industries might prioritise different aspects.

So, they lead to varied choices among water storage tanks types. By considering the factors involved and the potential environmental impact, industries can make informed decisions that align with their requirements while contributing to sustainable practices.

As technology and materials continue to evolve, the landscape of industrial water storage is likely to see further innovations and improvements in efficiency, durability, and environmental friendliness.

Still wondering which type of water storage tank is best for your business? 

Check out the Ultimate checklist for choosing the right industry water storage tanks.





For more information regarding our stainless steel panel tanks download our product brochure by clicking the button below, drop us your requirement on sales@beltecnoindia.com  or call us on any of given numbers +91 9116009580/+91 7300084028 

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