Among the 17 SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) United Nation listed Goal 6 as "Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all" which highlighted the below major milestones.
- By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
- By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
- By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
- By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
- By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
- By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
- By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies.
- Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management.
Source : https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/envision2030-goal6.html
What is India's Stand towards water and Sanitation
Proportion of Indian households with access to safe water sources extended from 68% in 1992-93 to 89.9% in 2015-16 and there are policies on which current government working to provide safe piped water to all.
But, in 2015-16, Sanitization went down and 63.3% of rural household and 19.7% of urban households haven't been used of safe and improved sanitation.
To enhance sanitation and safe drinking water, the government has added numerous flagship programs which include the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to clean India, the National Rural Drinking Water Program, and Namami Gange, which objectives are the conservation of the River Ganga.
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